Rivaroxaban: A Review of its Use in the Prevention of Stroke and Systemic Embolism in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation.
Drugs. 2013 May 16;
Authors: Carter NJ, Plosker GL
Rivaroxaban (Xarelto(®)), a direct factor Xa inhibitor, is approved for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in Canada or those with nonvalvular AF (NVAF) in the EU, US and Japan. It is administered at a fixed oral dose and generally does not require routine monitoring of coagulation parameters. In the ROCKET AF trial in patients with NVAF and a moderate to high risk of stroke, oral rivaroxaban 20 mg once daily (15 mg once daily in patients with moderate renal impairment) was noninferior to oral dose-adjusted warfarin once daily in preventing primary endpoint events (i.e. stroke and systemic embolism) in the per-protocol population (primary noninferiority analysis) and superior in the on-treatment safety population (primary superiority analysis). Several ROCKET AF subgroup analyses indicated that the treatment effect of rivaroxaban was consistent across patient subgroups stratified according to baseline factors, including the presence or absence of previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack. Patients with moderate renal impairment receiving the reduced rivaroxaban dosage (15 mg once daily) showed a treatment effect consistent with that seen with rivaroxaban 20 mg once daily in patients with normal renal function. The tolerability profile of rivaroxaban was generally acceptable in ROCKET AF, with no significant difference between rivaroxaban and warfarin in the incidence of major or nonmajor clinically-relevant bleeding events (primary safety endpoint). In the Japanese ROCKET AF trial, rivaroxaban 15 mg once daily (10 mg once daily in patients with moderate renal impairment) was noninferior to oral dose-adjusted warfarin once daily in the incidence of major or nonmajor clinically-relevant bleeding (primary study outcome). Thus, rivaroxaban is a reasonable alternative to warfarin for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with NVAF.
PMID: 23677801 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]