"Copeptin Helps "Copeptin Helps in the Early Detection Of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction": the primary results of the CHOPIN Trial.

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"Copeptin Helps "Copeptin Helps in the Early Detection Of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction": the primary results of the CHOPIN Trial.

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Apr 30;

Authors: Maisel A, Mueller C, Neath SX, Christenson RH, Morgenthaler NG, Nowak RM, Vilke G, Daniels LB, Hollander JE, Apple FS, Cannon C, Nagurney JT, Schreiber D, Defilippi C, Hogan C, Diercks DB, Stein JC, Headden G, Limkakeng AT, Anand I, Wu AH, Papassotiriou J, Hartmann O, Ebmeyer S, Clopton P, Jaffe AS, Frank Peacock W

OBJECTIVES: Demonstrate that copeptin level <14 pmol/L allows ruling out AMI when used in combination with cardiac troponin I (cTnI) <99(th) percentile and a non-diagnostic ECG at the time of presentation to the emergency department (ED). BACKGROUND: Copeptin is secreted from the pituitary early in the course of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: This was a 16-site study in 1967 chest pain patients presenting to an ED within 6 hours of the onset of chest pain. Baseline demographics and clinical data were collected prospectively. Copeptin and a contemporary sensitive cTnI (99th percentile 40 ng/L; 10% coefficient of variation (CV) 0.03 μg/L) were measured in a core laboratory. Patients were followed for 180 days. The primary outcome was diagnosis of AMI. Final diagnoses were adjudicated by two independent cardiologists blinded to copeptin results. RESULTS: AMI was the final diagnosis in 156 patients (7.9%). A negative copeptin and cTnI at baseline ruled out AMI for 58% of patients, with a NPV of 99.2% (95% CI 98.5-99.6). AMIs not detected by the initial cTnI alone were picked up with copeptin >14 pmol/L in 23/32 patients (72%). NSTEMIs undetected by cTnI at 0h were detected with Copeptin >14 pmol/L in 10/19 patients (53%). Projected average time-to-decision could be reduced by 43% (from 3.0 hours to 1.8 hours) by the early rule out of 58% of patients. Both abnormal copeptin and cTnI were predictors of death at 180 days (p<0.0001 for both, c index 0.784 and 0.800, respectively). Both were independent of age and each other and provided additional predictive value (all p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Adding copeptin to cTnI allowed safe rule out of AMI with a NPV >99% in patients presenting with suspected ACS. It has the potential to rule out AMI in 58% of patients without serial blood draws. CLINICAL TRIAL: CHOPIN; NCT00952744.

PMID: 23643595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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