Aspergillus meningitis : a rare clinical manifestation of central nervous system aspergillosis. Case report and review of 92 cases.
J Infect. 2012 Nov 21;
Authors: Antinori S, Corbellino M, Meroni L, Resta F, Sollima S, Tonolini M, Tortorano AM, Milazzo L, Bello L, Furfaro E, Galli M, Viscoli C
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, cerebrospinal fluid findings and outcome of Aspergillus meningitis, meningoencephalitis and arachnoiditis. METHODS: A case of Aspergillus meningitis is described. A comprehensive review of the English-language literature was conducted to identify all reported cases of Aspergillus meningitis described between January 1973 and December 2011. RESULTS: Ninety-three cases (including the one described herein) of Aspergillus meningitis were identified. Fifty-two (55.9 %) were in individuals without any predisposing factor or known causes of immunosuppression. Acute and chronic meningitis was diagnosed in 65.6 % of patients and meningoencephalitis in 24.7 % of them with the remaining presenting with spinal arachnoiditis and ventriculitis. Cerebrospinal fluid cultures for Aspergillus spp. were positive in about 31 % of cases and the galactomannan antigen test in 87 %. Diagnosis during life was achieved in 52 patients (55.9 %) with a case fatality rate of 50 %. The overall case fatality rate was 72.1 %. CONCLUSIONS: Aspergillus meningitis may occur in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients and run an acute or chronic course. The findings of this systematic review extend the information on this life-threatening infection and could assist physicians in achieving an improved outcome.
PMID: 23178421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]