Review article: the reversibility of cirrhosis.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Sep 11;
Authors: Sohrabpour AA, Mohamadnejad M, Malekzadeh R
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is the end result of many types of chronic liver diseases. Recent developments in the understanding of the process of hepatic fibrogenesis have revealed that the process is a dynamic one and a capacity for recovery from any degree of fibrosis including those associated with cirrhosis is plausible. AIM: To review current evidence of histopathological reversibility following drug therapy of more common aetiologies of cirrhosis. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed and the evidence for histopathological regression of advanced fibrosis/cirrhosis following drug therapy was reviewed as of the end of February 2012. RESULTS: There is abundant clinical evidence in support of the idea of the reversibility of cirrhosis in patients with different aetiologies of advanced hepatic disease including viral, autoimmune and metabolic/infiltrative liver disease. CONCLUSIONS: The concept of cirrhosis has changed from being a form of static and irreversible entity to a dynamic and reversible diseases stage. Novel therapeutic strategies are under investigation to target specific steps in the process of fibrogenesis with the aim of reversing advanced fibrosis/cirrhosis.
PMID: 22966946 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]