Why is my patient bleeding or bruising?

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Why is my patient bleeding or bruising?

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2012 Apr;26(2):321-44, viii

Authors: Rydz N, James PD


The evaluation of a patient presenting with bleeding symptoms is challenging. Bleeding symptoms are frequently reported by a normal population, and overlap significantly with bleeding disorders, such as type 1 Von Willebrand disease. The history is subjective; bleeding assessment tools significantly facilitate an accurate quantification of bleeding severity. The differential diagnosis is broad, ranging from defects in primary hemostasis, coagulation deficiencies, to connective tissue disorders. Finally, despite significant clinical evidence of abnormal bleeding, many patients will have not an identifiable disorder. Clinical management of bleeding disorders is highly individualized and focuses on the particular symptoms experienced by the patient.

PMID: 22463830 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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