Sensitive cardiac troponin in the diagnosis and risk stratification of acute heart failure.

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Sensitive cardiac troponin in the diagnosis and risk stratification of acute heart failure.

J Intern Med. 2012 Jun;271(6):598-607

Authors: Arenja N, Reichlin T, Drexler B, Oshima S, Denhaerynck K, Haaf P, Potocki M, Breidthardt T, Noveanu M, Stelzig C, Heinisch C, Twerenbold R, Reiter M, Socrates T, Mueller C


BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of a sensitive cardiac troponin I (s-cTnI) assay in patients with acute heart failure (AHF).

METHODS: Sensitive cardiac troponin I was measured in 667 consecutive patients at presentation to the emergency department with acute dyspnoea. Three s-cTnI strata were predefined: below the limit of detection (<0.01??g?L(-1) , undetectable), detectable but still within the normal range (0.01-0.027??g?L(-1) ) and increased (?0.028??g?L(-1) , ?99th percentile). The final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists blinded to the s-cTnI levels. Median follow-up in patients with AHF was 371?days.

RESULTS: Levels of s-cTnI were higher in patients with AHF (n?=?377, 57%) compared to patients with noncardiac causes of acute dyspnoea (median 0.02 vs. <0.01??g?L(-1) , P?<?0.001). In patients with AHF, in-hospital mortality increased with increasing s-cTnI in the three strata (2%, 5% and 14%, P?<?0.001). One-year mortality also increased with increasing s-cTnI (21%, 33% and 47%, P?<?0.001). s-cTnI remained an independent predictor of 1-year mortality [adjusted odds ratio 1.03 for each increase of 0.1??g?L(-1) , 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.05, P?<?0.001] after adjustment for other risk factors including B-type natriuretic peptide. The net reclassification improvement was 68% (P?<?0.001), and absolute integrated discrimination improvement was 0.18 (P?<?0.001). The diagnostic accuracy of s-cTnI for the diagnosis of AHF as quantified by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.78 (95% CI, 0.75-0.82).

CONCLUSIONS: Sensitive cardiac troponin I is a strong predictor of short- and long-term prognosis in AHF that helps to reclassify patients in terms of mortality risk. Detectable levels of s-cTnI, even within the normal range, are independently associated with mortality.

PMID: 21988283 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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