The Effect of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Blockade on Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury: A Propensity-Matched Study.
Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 May 30;
Authors: Rim MY, Ro H, Kang WC, Kim AJ, Park H, Chang JH, Lee HH, Chung W, Jung JY
BACKGROUND: The role of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) in the pathophysiology of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is controversial, and the available literature is contradictory. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective propensity score-matched study to analyze the effect of ACE-inhibitor/ARB therapy on the development of contrast-induced AKI. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Using propensity score matching, 1,322 ACE-inhibitor/ARB recipients and nonrecipients were paired for analysis from 5,299 patients and fulfilled the inclusion criteria among 11,447 patients receiving coronary angiography (CAG) or percutaneous coronary intervention. PREDICTORS: ACE-inhibitor/ARB use based on prescription and risk factors for contrast-induced AKI. OUTCOMES: The incidence of contrast-induced AKI defined by AKI Network (AKIN) criteria: an absolute increase in serum creatinine levels ?0.3 mg/dL or a relative increase ?50% from baseline values within 48 hours after exposure to the contrast medium. MEASUREMENTS: Baseline serum creatinine, hemoglobin, and albumin levels; volume of contrast agents; preprocedural medication; and post-CAG serum creatinine levels. RESULTS: An ACE inhibitor/ARB was prescribed for 64.0% of patients receiving CAG. ACE-inhibitor/ARB users showed an increased incidence of contrast-induced AKI after propensity score matching (11.4% vs 6.3%; P < 0.001). In multivariable analysis, use of ACE inhibitors/ARBs remained an independent and significant predictor of contrast-induced AKI in an unmatched cohort (OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.10-1.76; P = 0.06). In the matched cohort, use of ACE inhibitors/ARBs also was associated with a higher adjusted OR of contrast-induced AKI (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.06-1.94; P = 0.02). LIMITATIONS: A retrospective study at a single center. CONCLUSIONS: Use of ACE inhibitors/ARBs during CAG has a possible influence to increase the incidence of contrast-induced AKI. Further randomized clinical trials are warranted to confirm the effect of ACE-inhibitor/ARB therapy on the development of contrast-induced AKI.
PMID: 22658321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]