Risk of hypotension with concomitant use of calcium-channel blockers and macrolide antibiotics.

Link to article at PubMed

Risk of hypotension with concomitant use of calcium-channel blockers and macrolide antibiotics.

Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2012 Jun 15;69(12):1038-43

Authors: Henneman A, Thornby KA

Purpose The literature describing the risk of hypotension in patients receiving concomitant therapy with a calcium-channel blocker (CCB) and a macrolide antibiotic is reviewed. Summary A literature search was conducted to identify studies and reports describing significant drug interactions between CCBs and macrolide antibiotics resulting in hypotension. One retrospective clinical trial, one pharmacokinetics study, and five case reports were found using MEDLINE. While both dihydropyridine and nondihydropyridine CCBs are cytochrome P-450 isoenzyme 3A4 (CYP3A4) substrates, verapamil was the CCB implicated in three of the five case reports. Based on currently available literature, it is unknown whether the risk of clinically significant hypotension is higher for patients receiving nondihydropyridine CCBs; however, due to the drugs' effects on the coronary arteries, there is the potential for more-serious cardiac complications with these agents. Both erythromycin and clarithromycin have been shown to prolong the Q-T interval, an effect that appears to increase when these drugs are given with CYP3A4 inhibitors. The potential for Q-T interval prolongation by both erythromycin and clarithromycin may increase the risk of clinically relevant hypotension and even shock in patients taking CCBs, in particular nondihydropyridines. Conclusion Potentially significant hypotension and shock may occur when macrolide antibiotics, particularly erythromycin and clarithromycin, are administered concomitantly with CCBs. The frequency of hypotension as a result of concomitant CCB and macrolide administration appears to be small, but the risk of adverse effects and the severity of the effects appear to be greater for those patients who are older and in those with multiple comorbidities.

PMID: 22644980 [PubMed - in process]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *