Current status of the treatment of acute colonic diverticulitis: a systematic review.
Colorectal Dis. 2012 Jan;14(1):e1-e11
Authors: Biondo S, Lopez Borao J, Millan M, Kreisler E, Jaurrieta E
AIM: This paper addresses the current status of the treatment of acute colonic diverticulitis by an evidence-based review.
METHOD: A systematic search in PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google scholar on colonic diverticulitis was performed. Diagnostic tools, randomized controlled trials, non-randomized comparative studies, observational epidemiological studies, national and international guidelines, reviews of observational studies on elective and emergency surgical treatment of diverticulitis, and studies of prognostic significance were reviewed. Criteria for eligibility of the studies were diagnosis and classification, medical treatment, inpatients and outpatients, diverticulitis in young patients, immunosuppression, recurrence, elective resection, emergency surgery, and predictive factors.
RESULTS: Some 92 publications were selected for comprehensive review. The review highlighted that computed tomography is the most effective test in the diagnosis and staging of acute diverticulitis; outpatient treatment can be performed for uncomplicated diverticulitis in patients without associated comorbidities; conservative treatment is aimed at those patients with uncomplicated acute diverticulitis; elective surgery must be done on an individual basis; laparoscopic approach for elective treatment of diverticulitis is appropriate but may be technically complex; in perforated diverticulitis, resection with primary anastomosis is a safe procedure that requires experience and should take into account strict exclusion criteria.
CONCLUSION: The heterogeneity of patients with colonic diverticular disease means that both elective and urgent treatment should be tailored on an individual basis.
PMID: 21848896 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]