Frequency, determinants and outcome of elevated troponin in acute ischemic stroke patients.
Int J Cardiol. 2012 Feb 10;
Authors: Scheitz JF, Endres M, Mochmann HC, Audebert HJ, Nolte CH
BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury indicated by elevation of cardiac troponins (cTnT) can be observed in acute ischemic stroke patients. Frequency, determinants and prognostic value are still unsettled. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis including all consecutive ischemic stroke patients admitted to our stroke unit within 72h after symptom onset in a one-year period. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify determinants of cTnT elevation and to detect factors independently associated with unfavorable short-term outcome (modified Rankin scale >2), major neurologic improvement (improvement of NIHSS>=8 or NIHSS 0-1) and in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Admission cTnT levels were measured in 715 ischemic stroke patients. Frequency of cTnT elevation was 14% (n=103). Factors independently associated with increased cTnT were higher stroke severity (p=0.04), renal insufficiency (p<0.001), pre-existing coronary artery disease (p=0.03), hypercholesterolemia (p=0.02) and insular cortex involvement (p<0.001). After exclusion of patients with renal insufficiency and coronary artery disease frequency of cTnT elevation was 10% (n=44) and only insular cortex involvement remained significantly associated. Increased cTnT on admission was an independent predictor of unfavorable outcome (adjusted odds ratio 2.65 [95% confidence interval 1.29-5.46]) and in-hospital mortality (4.51 [1.93-10.57]). There was a trend towards a negative association of cTnT elevation with major neurologic improvement (0.54 [0.27-1.07]). CONCLUSIONS: Elevation of cTnT occurs in every seventh patient with acute ischemic stroke and is independently associated with poor short-term outcome and mortality. Patients with strokes affecting the insular cortex are particularly prone to myocardial injury justifying intensive cardiac monitoring.
PMID: 22326514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]