Preoperative Thienopyridine Use and Outcomes after Surgery: A Systematic Review.

Link to article at PubMed

Preoperative Thienopyridine Use and Outcomes after Surgery: A Systematic Review.

Am J Med. 2011 Nov 11;

Authors: Au AG, Majumdar SR, McAlister FA

BACKGROUND: Although studies have demonstrated excess risk of ischemic events if aspirin is withheld preoperatively, it is unclear whether preoperative thienopyridine use influences postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of 37 studies (31 cardiac and 6 noncardiac surgery, 3 randomized, 34 observational) comparing postoperative outcomes in patients who were versus were not exposed to thienopyridine in the 5 days before surgery. RESULTS: Exposure to thienopyridine in the 5 days preceding surgery (compared with no exposure) was not associated with any reduction in postoperative myocardial infarction (23 studies, 12,872 patients, 3.4% vs 3.0%, odds ratio [OR] 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72-1.34), but was associated with increased risks of stroke (16 studies, 10,265 patients, 1.9% vs 1.4%, OR 1.54; 95% CI, 1.08-2.20), reoperation for bleeding (32 studies, 19,423 patients, 4.3% vs 1.8%, OR 2.62; 95% CI, 1.96-3.49), and all-cause mortality (28 studies, 22,990 patients, 3.7% vs 2.6%, OR 1.38; 95% CI, 1.13-1.69). Results were identical when analyses were restricted to long-term users of thienopyridines who continued versus held the medication in the 5 days before surgery. Although all associations were similar in direction for the subset of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, 97% of the outcome data in this meta-analysis came from cardiac surgery trials. CONCLUSIONS: These data support withholding thienopyridines 5 days before cardiac surgery; there was insufficient evidence to make definitive recommendations for elective noncardiac surgery although the direction and magnitude of associations were similar.

PMID: 22079019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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