Increased blood troponin levels in ICU patients.
Curr Opin Crit Care. 2011 Jun 29;
Authors: Markou N, Gregorakos L, Myrianthefs P
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiac troponins in serum have become the biomarkers of choice for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Yet, troponin can also be elevated by a multitude of causes in the absence of overt myocardial ischemia. Such nonspecific elevations are particularly common in the critically ill. This article aims to provide information on the significance of troponin elevations in unselected critically ill patients and in patients with sepsis or septic shock. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies reconsider the possible association of troponin elevations with myocardial infarction in unselected critically ill patients. There are also more data on the prognostic significance of troponin in this population. In patients with sepsis, recent studies suggest that troponin may be a reliable index of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction, although the implications of this finding in the management of sepsis remain unclear for the time being. Troponin also appears to be a predictor of short and possibly also long-term outcome in septic patients. The advent of newer assays with even higher sensitivity, may lead to further redefinition of the role of troponin in the ICU. SUMMARY: Troponin is frequently elevated in critically ill patients. More research is needed on the diagnostic and prognostic significance and possible clinical applications of troponin measurements in patients with sepsis and critical illness.
PMID: 21716108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]