Post-thrombotic syndrome: prevention is better than cure.
Phlebology. 2010 Oct;25 Suppl 1:14-9
Authors: Saedon M, Stansby G
Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) can be debilitating to patients and have a major economic impact on health-care services. It arises after deep venous thrombosis (DVT) due to residual venous obstruction or valvular reflux, leading to increased venous pressure in the microcirculation. While the inflammatory process at the time of DVT may aid thrombus resolution, it may also promote destruction of venous valves. The diagnosis of PTS is principally clinical and patients typically complain of leg heaviness, swelling, pain, itching, cramps, ulcer and signs of lipodermatosclerosis. Several clinical scales or classifications have been used but it is recommended that Villalta scale is the most suitable. Risk factors for PTS include a proximal DVT and recurrent thrombosis as well as obesity and prior varicose veins. Poor quality of anticoagulation control may also be a factor. Established PTS is usually managed along the same lines as chronic venous hypertension with compression therapy and leg elevation. Surgery has only a limited role but may benefit some patients. Further trials are desperately needed to define the role of acute thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy, which seem to be promising treatments in the studies to date. For patients who have had a DVT more attention should be given to prescribing and using compression hosiery.
PMID: 20870815 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]