Effect of body mass index on bleeding frequency and activated partial thromboplastin time in weight-based dosing of unfractionated heparin: a retrospective cohort study.
Mayo Clin Proc. 2009 Dec;84(12):1073-8
Authors: Bauer SR, Ou NN, Dreesman BJ, Armon JJ, Anderson JA, Cha SS, Oyen LJ
OBJECTIVE: To assess bleeding and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) in relation to body mass index (BMI) in patients prescribed weight-based dosing of intravenous unfractionated heparin (UFH) for cardiac indications without a maximum (dose-capped) initial bolus or capped initial infusion rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted to an academic medical center from February 1, 2002, through November 31, 2003, who were treated with a UFH nomogram consisting of a 60-U/kg intravenous bolus plus an initial continuous intravenous infusion of 12 U/kg hourly and titrated to a goal APTT range corresponding to thromboplastin-adjusted target heparin levels of 0.3 to 0.7 U/mL by anti-Xa assay were evaluated for this retrospective cohort study. Patients were excluded if they concomitantly received a fibrinolytic, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, or any other antithrombotic agent (except warfarin). Study patients were divided into quartiles by BMI. RESULTS: Of the 1054 patients included in the study, 807 (76.6%) had an initial bolus dose higher than 4000 U, and 477 (45.3%) had an initial infusion rate higher than 1000 U/h. Despite a significant difference among BMI quartiles in proportion of supratherapeutic first APTT values (P<.001), no statistically significant difference was found in bleeding frequency (P=.26) or frequency of first APTT within the goal range (P=.27). Logistic regression analyses revealed that BMI was not a significant predictor of bleeding or first APTT within the goal range. CONCLUSION: We did not find any difference in the proportion of first APTT values in the goal range or an increased risk of bleeding in obese patients treated with UFH without a capped initial dose. Our data demonstrate the safe use of weight-based UFH without a capped initial bolus dose or capped initial infusion rate in patients with medical cardiac conditions.
PMID: 19955244 [PubMed - in process]