In-hospital outcomes with thrombolytic therapy in patients with renal dysfunction presenting with acute ischaemic stroke.
Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2009 Nov 27;
Authors: Agrawal V, Rai B, Fellows J, McCullough PA
BACKGROUND: Thrombolytic therapy is an effective treatment modality for acute ischaemic stroke within 3 hours of symptom onset. Its safety and efficacy have not been studied in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who are known to have abnormalities in coagulation and platelet function. METHODS: We studied all patients who consecutively received intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke at our hospital from 2005-2009 (n = 74). Alteplase was administered to patients deemed eligible by National Institute of Health criteria per protocol. We studied associations between admission renal dysfunction [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60ml/min/1.73 m(2)] and in-hospital outcomes: intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), poor functional status (modified Rankin score 3-6) and death. RESULTS: Mean +/- SD age was 66.4 +/- 16.9 years with 39 (52.7%) men and 46 (62.2%) Caucasian. Twenty patients (27.0%) had eGFR <60 and were older, with a higher prevalence of diabetes and coronary artery disease than patients with eGFR >/=60. Presenting stroke severity, blood pressure and time to alteplase were similar in the two groups. Symptomatic ICH occurred in two patients with eGFR >/=60. Asymptomatic and symptomatic ICH considered together showed no difference in these event rates (20% in eGFR <60 vs 11.1% in eGFR >/=60, P = 0.321). There was no difference in poor functional status (70.0% in eGFR <60 vs 57.4% in eGFR >/=60, P = 0.324) or in-hospital death outcomes (10.0% in eGFR <60 vs 7.4% in eGFR >/=60, P = 0.717). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed no association between eGFR <60 and in-hospital outcomes, while increasing age was associated with poor functional status [odds ratio 1.03 (1.00-1.06, P = 0.047)]. CONCLUSIONS: In our limited sample size study, presence of eGFR <60 in patients receiving thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke was not found to be associated with increased ICH, poor functional outcome or death. These findings suggest that use of thrombolytics in acute stroke is appropriate in patients with renal dysfunction.
PMID: 19945951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]