Pharmacological management of postoperative ileus.
Can J Surg. 2009 Apr;52(2):153-7
Authors: Zeinali F, Stulberg JJ, Delaney CP
The duration of postoperative ileus following abdominal surgery is quite variable, and prolonged postoperative ileus is an iatrogenic phenomenon with important influence on patient morbidity, hospital costs and length of stay in hospital. Adequate treatment for prolonged postoperative ileus is important to improve patient morbidity and clinical efficiency. Both clinical and pharmacological management strategies have improved rapidly over the last decade, and appropriate and timely management using multimodal techniques should be used for optimal care. In this review, we define postoperative ileus, describe the pathogenesis and briefly discuss clinical management before detailing potential pharmacologic management options.
PMID: 19399212 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]