Risk of contrast-induced nephropathy in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis.
World J Gastroenterol. 2009 Mar 28;15(12):1459-64
Authors: Lodhia N, Kader M, Mayes T, Mantry P, Maliakkal B
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in cirrhotic patients and to identify risk factors for the development of CIN. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 216 consecutive patients with cirrhosis who underwent computed tomography (CT) with intravenous contrast at the University of Rochester between the years 2000-2005. We retrospectively examined factors associated with a high risk for CIN, defined as a decrease in creatinine clearance of 25% or greater within one week after receiving contrast. RESULTS: Twenty-five percent of our patients developed CIN, and 74% of these patients had ascites seen on CT. Of the 75% of patients who did not develop CIN, only 46% had ascites. The presence of ascites was a significant risk factor for the development of CIN (P = 0.0009, OR 3.38, 95% CI 1.55-7.34) in multivariate analysis. Patient age, serum sodium, Model for End-stage Liver Disease score, diuretic use, and the presence of diabetes were not found to be significant risk factors for the development of CIN. Of the patients who developed CIN, 11% developed chronic renal insufficiency, defined as a creatinine clearance less than baseline for 6 wk. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that in hospitalized cirrhotic patients, especially those with ascites, the risk of CIN is substantial.
PMID: 19322918 [PubMed - in process]