Risk prediction in acute coronary syndrome from serial in-hospital measurements of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide.
Acute Card Care. 2008;10(3):159-66
Authors: Nørgaard BL, Terkelsen CJ, Riiskjaer M, Holmvang L, Grip L, Heickendorff L, Thygesen K
There is limited information about the in-hospital plasma profile of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTACS) and furthermore, the prognostic influence of the timing of NT-proBNP measurements in NSTACS is unsettled. These subject matters are elucidated in this study composed of 455 patients with NSTACS (symptoms <24 h). NT-proBNP was measured at 0, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 h following admission. Any death was registered at follow-up (median: 2.3 years). The study demonstrated a monophasic profile of the plasma NT-proBNP values, reaching a maximum at 6 hours, and it showed an independent prognostic significance of NT-proBNP irrespective of the sampling time. Risk prediction by NT-proBNP was improved by combining the baseline measurement and one value taken between 24 and 96 h (at 48 h, P<0.001). No additional prognostic information was provided by including more than one late in-hospital NT-proBNP value. Conclusions: The in-hospital NT-proBNP measurements exhibit a monophasic profile in patients with NSTACS and these values provide independent prognostic information as regards mortality irrespective of the sampling time. Moreover, risk prediction of NT-proBNP is strengthened by combining the admission measurement with an additional value during the hospitalization.
PMID: 18608042 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]