Antibiotic management of sepsis: current concepts.

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Antibiotic management of sepsis: current concepts.

Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008 Nov;9(16):2817-28

Authors: Bugano DD, Camargo LF, Bastos JF, Silva E

BACKGROUND: The development of guidelines for sepsis management has improved disease survival and reduced treatment costs. Adequate antibiotic therapy is the cornerstone of sepsis treatment. Specific rules should be established in every institution according to its profiles. OBJECTIVES: To review the current knowledge about the best drugs to be used as empiric treatment for sepsis based on their clinical efficacy and costs. METHODS: Medline 1950 - 2008 was searched using the following terms: sepsis, organ failure, system failure, SIRS, septic shock, antibiotic, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, urosepsis, catheter-related infection, bloodstream, abdominal infection, and surgical wound. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: For most septic shock patients, monotherapy is adequate and treatment should be initiated in the first hour after first sepsis-induced organ dysfunction. The drug of choice varies in different situations and choosing the right antibiotic enables better survival, fewer complications and shorter stays in intensive care.

PMID: 18937614 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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