Impact of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease symptoms on COPD exacerbation.
Thorax. 2008 Nov;63(11):951-5
Authors: Terada K, Muro S, Sato S, Ohara T, Haruna A, Marumo S, Kinose D, Ogawa E, Hoshino Y, Niimi A, Terada T, Mishima M
BACKGROUND: The association between gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation has so far remained unclear. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively establish the clinical significance of GORD symptoms on exacerbation. METHODS: 82 patients with COPD and 40 age matched controls were enrolled in this study. Symptoms were evaluated by a questionnaire using the Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of GORD (FSSG). Patients with COPD were prospectively surveyed for 6 months, and episodes of exacerbation were identified using a diary based on modified Anthonisen's criteria. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) pH was measured in both groups, and induced sputum was evaluated in patients with COPD. RESULTS: Positive GORD symptoms were reported in 22 (26.8%) patients with COPD and in five (12.5%) controls (p = 0.10). The frequency of exacerbations was significantly associated with the FSSG score (p = 0.03, r = 0.24, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.43). Multiple regression analysis revealed that GORD symptoms were significantly associated with the occurrence of exacerbations (p<0.01; relative risk 6.55, 95% CI 1.86 to 23.11). EBC pH was inversely correlated with FSSG score in both groups (p = 0.01, r = -0.37, 95% CI -0.55 to -0.14 in patients with COPD, and p<0.01, r = -0.45, 95% CI -0.67 to -0.16 in control subjects). CONCLUSIONS: GORD symptoms were identified as an important factor associated with COPD exacerbation.
PMID: 18535116 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]