Rules of engagement: residents' perceptions of the in-training evaluation process.
Acad Med. 2008 Oct;83(10 Suppl):S97-100
Authors: Watling CJ, Kenyon CF, Zibrowski EM, Schulz V, Goldszmidt MA, Singh I, Maddocks HL, Lingard L
BACKGROUND: In-training evaluation reports (ITERs) often fall short of their goals of promoting resident learning and development. Efforts to address this problem through faculty development and assessment-instrument modification have been disappointing. The authors explored residents' experiences and perceptions of the ITER process to gain insight into why the process succeeds or fails. METHOD: Using a grounded theory approach, semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 residents. Constant comparative analysis for emergent themes was conducted. RESULTS: All residents identified aspects of "engagement" in the ITER process as the dominant influence on the success of ITERs. Both external (evaluator-driven, such as evaluator credibility) and internal (resident-driven, such as self-assessment) influences on engagement were elaborated. When engagement was lacking, residents viewed the ITER process as inauthentic. CONCLUSIONS: Engagement is a critical factor to consider when seeking to improve ITER use. Our articulation of external and internal influences on engagement provides a starting point for targeted interventions.
PMID: 18820513 [PubMed - in process]