Predictors of in-hospital outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for recurrent myocardial infarction.
Circ J. 2008 Aug;72(8):1225-9
Authors: Shiraishi J, Kohno Y, Sawada T, Takeda M, Arihara M, Hyogo M, Yagi T, Shima T, Okada T, Nakamura T, Matoba S, Yamada H, Shirayama T, Kitamura M, Furukawa K, Matsubara H,
BACKGROUND: Recurrent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a deteriorated condition with high in-hospital morbidity and mortality, but the predictors of in-hospital outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for repeat AMI remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the AMI-Kyoto Multi-Center Risk Study database, clinical background, angiographic findings, results of primary PCI, and in-hospital prognosis were retrospectively compared between primary PCI-treated AMI patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) (repeat-MI patients, n=235) and those without previous MI (first-MI patients, n=1,550). The repeat-MI patients had higher prevalence of Killip class>or=3 at admission, larger number of diseased vessels, and a significantly higher in-hospital mortality rate than the first-MI patients. On multivariate analysis, number of diseased vessels>or=2 or diseased left main trunk (LMT) on initial coronary angiography was the independent positive predictor of in-hospital mortality in the repeat-MI patients, not in the first-MI patients, whereas acquisition of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 flow in the infarct-related artery immediately after primary PCI and elapsed time<24 h were the negative predictors in the first-MI patients, not in the repeat-MI patients. CONCLUSIONS: Number of diseased vessels>or=2 or diseased LMT on initial coronary angiography is an independent risk factor of in-hospital death in recurrent-AMI patients undergoing primary PCI.
PMID: 18654004 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]