Moxifloxacin: a respiratory fluoroquinolone.
Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008 Jul;9(10):1755-72
Authors: Miravitlles M, Anzueto A
BACKGROUND: Respiratory quinolones are a class of antimicrobials with a high activity against most respiratory pathogens. Moxifloxacin is a fourth-generation fluoroquinolone that has been shown to be effective against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and atypical strains, as well as multi-drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. OBJECTIVE: To review and update the clinical efficacy of moxifloxacin in the treatment of respiratory infections. METHOD: To perform a systematic review of publications on the clinical efficacy of moxifloxacin in respiratory infections. RESULTS: The clinical efficacy of moxifloxacin has been shown in controlled studies of community-acquired pneumonia, exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Moxifloxacin has demonstrated a faster resolution of symptoms in community-acquired pneumonia and exacerbations of chronic bronchitis patients compared with first-line therapy together with excellent eradication rates. CONCLUSIONS: The use of moxifloxacin as first-line therapy for moderate to severe respiratory infections in the community and the hospital has been recognized in international guidelines.
PMID: 18570608 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]