Internal medicine residents’ perception of nursing home demographics and regulations: a pilot study.

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Internal medicine residents' perception of nursing home demographics and regulations: a pilot study.

J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2008 Feb;9(2):120-3

Authors: Lester PE, Doubrovskaia M, Ghosn M, Gomolin IH

OBJECTIVES: Internal medicine residents often provide hospital care for patients who are admitted from and discharged to nursing homes. This pilot study surveyed internal medicine residents for their assumptions and perceptions about demographics and regulations in the nursing home setting. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents at Winthrop University Hospital in Long Island, New York, were asked to participate in this anonymous, voluntary, and self-administered written survey during October 2006. MEASUREMENTS: Survey answers were collected and analyzed using SAS 9.1 (SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC). RESULTS: The mean responses were very close to the actual data; however, the range and standard deviations (SD) of responses revealed a wide variation in perceptions about nursing home demographics and regulations. For example, the internal medicine residents estimated that 60% of nursing home beds are for long-term care but the responses ranged from 20% to 90%, with an SD of 21. Awareness about regulations such as payment sources and the role of the medical director was poor. Fifty-two percent of respondents stated that Medicare is the primary source of payment for long-term care. Eighty-five percent of the respondents believed that the medical director of a nursing home could be a physician, nurse, social worker, or nursing home administrator. CONCLUSION: Although internal medicine residents have high exposure to nursing home patients, many of those surveyed have incorrect perceptions about nursing home demographics and requirements. Further research is required to demonstrate the impact of formal geriatric medicine education on internal medicine residents' knowledge regarding nursing home demographics and regulations.

PMID: 18261705 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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