Management of a first seizure. Special problems: adults and elderly.
Epilepsia. 2008;49 Suppl 1:45-9
Authors: Stephen LJ, Brodie MJ
A first seizure out of a clear blue sky can be a major life-changing event. Careful history-taking and appropriate investigation together with a clear explanation provided to patient and family are an essential requirement. Although for most patients, pharmacotherapy can be withheld and events awaited, there are circumstances where introduction of antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy should be considered. Medical causes of seizures should also be sought and treated. In addition, a first seizure in HIV-positive patients and in those with underlying neurocysticercosis should usually provoke the introduction of AED therapy. Particular problems can occur in patients with a single episode of provoked status epilepticus, a first tonic-clonic seizure during pregnancy and, particularly, an unprovoked event in older and learning disabled people. Treatment following a first seizure should balance risk factors for recurrence with the informed opinion of the patients and their family.
PMID: 18184155 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]