Radiol Clin North Am. 2023 Sep;61(5):809-820. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2023.04.004. Epub 2023 May 16.
Kidney grafts are the most common transplanted solid organ. To optimize graft survival, radiologists should be familiar with the anatomy and potential complications unique to transplanted kidneys. In addition to being able to recognize the imaging characteristics to diagnose etiologies of kidney graft dysfunction, an understanding of the pathophysiology is a key to narrowing the differential diagnosis. This article provides a summary of the most common complications based on broad categories of type of complication and posttransplant timing.