Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2021 Jul;34(4):242-250. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-1727195. Epub 2021 Jul 20.
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) and volvulus are two disease processes that affect the colon causing abdominal distension and may necessitate operation intervention. ACPO may be associated with multiple comorbidities, infectious diseases, and cardiac dysfunction. It may be treated with conservative management including endoscopic decompression or neostigmine. If the distension is not addressed, high mortality may result if peritonitis develops. Volvulus most commonly occurs in the sigmoid colon or cecum. If left-sided, endoscopic decompression may resolve the obstruction if detorsion is successful, although sigmoid colectomy should be performed during the admission. If cecal volvulus is identified, right hemicolectomy should be performed.