Orbit. 2021 Mar 23:1-4. doi: 10.1080/01676830.2021.1903044. Online ahead of print.
We report two fatal cases of rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis associated with COVID-19 infection. Both patients had pre-existing diabetes mellitus type 2, were treated with corticosteroids, and developed ketoacidosis. Both patients rapidly declined owing to rapid extension of the infection into the intracranial cavity. We postulate that additional risk factors for opportunistic fungal infection exist in COVID-19 patients including mechanical ventilation and Sars-CoV-2 induced immunosuppression. The ophthalmologist's role is particularly important in the early diagnosis of mucormycosis associated with COVID-19.