Kitai T and Xanthopoulos A. Heart Fail Clin 2020 - Review.
Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a life-threatening condition characterized by end-organ hypoperfusion and hypoxia primarily due to cardiac dysfunction and low cardiac output. Unfortunately, the mortality and morbidity associated with CS have remained high despite notable advances in heart failure management. Treatment should be carefully guided by hemodynamics assessment. Although inotropes, vasopressors, mechanical circulatory support, and catheter intervention for critical valve lesion are not always recommended, they are helpful in selected patients. Early diagnosis, accurate hemodynamic assessment, and prompt therapeutic intervention are crucial in the management of acute decompensated heart failure with CS.