Ascites and Hepatorenal Syndrome.
Clin Liver Dis. 2019 Nov;23(4):659-682
Authors: Adebayo D, Neong SF, Wong F
Ascites occurs in up to 70% of patients during the natural history of cirrhosis. Management of uncomplicated ascites includes sodium restriction and diuretic therapy, whereas that for refractory ascites (RA) is regular large-volume paracentesis with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt being offered in appropriate patients. Renal impairment occurs in up to 50% of patients with RA with type 1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) being most severe. Liver transplant remains the definitive treatment of eligible candidates with HRS, whereas combined liver and kidney transplant should be considered in patients requiring dialysis for more than 4 to 6 weeks or those with underlying chronic kidney disease.
PMID: 31563217 [PubMed - in process]