Does my patient really need this at admission? Seven opportunities for improving value in patient care during their hospitalization.
Eur J Intern Med. 2019 Jun 20;:
Authors: Corral-Gudino L, Rivas-Lamazares A, González-Fernández A, Rodríguez-María M, Aguilera-Sanz C, Tierra-Rodríguez A, Runza-Buznego P, Hernández-Martín E, Ortega-Gil M, Bahamonde-Carrasco A
INTRODUCTION: Besides the main treatment for their disease, hospital patients receive multiple care measures which include venous lines (VL), urinary catheters (UC), dietary restrictions (DR), mandatory bed rest (BR), deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis (VTP), stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) and anticoagulation bridge therapy for atrial fibrillation (BAF). In many cases these practices are of low value.
METHODS: We analysed patients admitted to Internal Medicine wards throughout 2018 (2714 inpatients). We used different methodologies to identify low-value clinical practices.
RESULTS: BR or DR at admission were recommended in 37% (32-44) and 24% (19-30) of the patients respectively. In 81% (71-87) and 33% (21-45) of the cases this restriction was deemed unnecessary. Ninety-six percent (92-98) had VL and 25% (19-32) UC. VL were not used in 10% (6-12), UC had no indications for insertion in 21% (11-35) and for maintenance in 31% (12-46) patients. Fifty-seven percent (49-64) of the patients were administered VTP and 69% (62-76) were prescribed SUP. Twenty-two percent (15-31) of patients with VTP and 52% (43-60) with SUP had no indication. Chronic anticoagulation for AF was interrupted in 65% (53-75) with BAF was prescribed in 38% (25-52) of them. An intervention to reduce low-value care supporting clinical practices addressed only to the Internal Medicine Wards showed very poor results.
CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that there is ample room for reduction of low-value care. Interventions to implement clinical guidelines at admissions should be addressed to cover the entire admission process, from the emergency room to the ward. Partial approaches are discouraged.
PMID: 31230851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]