The Diagnostic Efficacy of Age-Adjusted D-Dimer Cutoff Value and Pretest Probability Scores for Deep Venous Thrombosis.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2019 Jan-Dec;25:1076029619826317
Authors: Li J, Zhang F, Liang C, Ye Z, Chen S, Cheng J
This study seeks to evaluate the diagnostic value of D-Dimer Plus and Innovance D-Dimer as well as the age-adjusted cutoff value for D-dimer detection in combination with 4 pretest probability (PTP) scores for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). A total of 688 patients referred for lower extremity vascular compression venous ultrasonography for suspected DVT from January 2016 to May 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University underwent D-dimer tests combining with 4 PTP scores. The diagnostic efficacy of the Wells score was the highest of the 4 PTP scores. The diagnostic efficacy of Innovance D-Dimer for DVT was greater than that of D-Dimer Plus, with better sensitivity and negative predictive value, which were both greater than 98%. If the cutoff values were adjusted by age, the Innovation D-Dimer could further improve both the specificity and the positive predictive value, providing better diagnostic performance. When the 2 D-dimer detections were used in combination with 4 PTP scores for DVT diagnosis, separately, both the positive predictive value and the negative predictive value significantly improved for D-Dimer Plus, and the positive predictive values significantly improved for Innovance D-Dimer. However, the sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive values did not obviously change. For our patients, Wells score had the best diagnostic efficacy for our patients with suspected DVT among the 4 PTP scores. Innovance D-Dimer in combination with age-adjusted cutoff values exhibited increased sensitivity and negative predictive value for DVT diagnosis and was equivalent to the diagnostic efficacy of the Innovance D-Dimer in combination with PTP scores.
PMID: 30754991 [PubMed - in process]