Impact of hospitalist vs. non-hospitalist services on length of stay and 30-day readmission rate in hip fracture patients.
Hosp Pract (1995). 2018 Oct 17;:
Authors: Stephens JR, Chang JW, Liles A, Adem M, Moore C
OBJECTIVES: Hip fracture is a common and morbid condition, affecting a patient population with significant medical co-morbidities. A number of medical co-management models have been studied, with conflicting reports of effect on patient outcomes. Our objective was to compare outcomes for patients with hip fracture managed by hospitalist vs. non-hospitalist services at an academic medical center.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with hip fracture over one year, comparing those on hospitalist vs. non-hospitalist services. Outcomes included 30-day readmission and hospitalization ≤7 days, with comparison between patients admitted to hospitalist vs. non-hospitalist services. We performed multivariate analysis, adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, insurance type, ASA score, blood transfusion during hospitalization, and days from admission to surgery.
RESULTS: We identified 124 hospitalist and 53 non-hospitalist patients. In unadjusted analysis, hospitalist patients were more likely to have hospitalization ≤7 days (84.7% vs. 67.9%, p=0.01). In adjusted analysis, hospitalist patients had lower odds of 30-day readmissions (OR 0.2, 95% CI 0.04-0.97) but no difference in odds of hospitalization ≤7 days (OR 2.1, 95% CI 0.82-5.66).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hip fracture managed by hospitalist vs. non-hospitalist services had lower odds of 30-day readmission after discharge. Our results suggest benefit to hospitalist co-management of hip fracture patients.
PMID: 30328742 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]