Misdiagnosing Dizzy Patients: Common Pitfalls in Clinical Practice.
Neurol Clin. 2015 Aug;33(3):565-75, viii
Authors: Kerber KA, Newman-Toker DE
This article highlights 5 pitfalls in the diagnosis of common vestibular disorders: (1) overreliance on dizziness symptom type to drive diagnostic inquiry; (2) underuse and misuse of timing and triggers to categorize patients; (3) underuse, misuse, and misconceptions linked to hallmark eye examination findings; (4) overweighting age, vascular risk factors, and neuroexamination to screen for stroke; and (5) overuse and overreliance on head computed tomography to rule out neurologic causes. This article discusses the evidence base describing each pitfall's frequency and likely causes, and potential alternative strategies that might be used to improve diagnostic accuracy or mitigate harms.
PMID: 26231272 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]