Treatment of hypertension in obese patients.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2013 Jun;13(3):163-75
Authors: Kidambi S, Kotchen TA
Obesity is a global pandemic and with its rise, its associated co-morbidities are increasing in prevalence, particularly uncontrolled hypertension. Lifestyle changes should be an anchor for the management of obesity-related hypertension; however, they are difficult to sustain. Drug therapy is often necessary to achieve blood pressure control. Diuretics, inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system, and dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers are often used as first trio, with subsequent additions of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists and/or dual alpha/beta blocking agents. While a number of agents are currently available, 50 % of hypertensive patients remain uncontrolled. A number of novel drug and invasive therapies are in development and hold significant potential for the effective management of obesity-related hypertension.
PMID: 23579967 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]