Improved Cardiac Risk Assessment With Noninvasive Measures of Coronary Flow Reserve.
Circulation. 2011 Oct 17;
Authors: Murthy VL, Naya M, Foster CR, Hainer J, Gaber M, Di Carli G, Blankstein R, Dorbala S, Sitek A, Pencina MJ, Di Carli MF
BACKGROUND: <0.0001) compared with the highest tertile. Incorporation of coronary flow reserve into cardiac death risk assessment models resulted in an increase in the c index from 0.82 (95% confidence interval, 0.78-0.86) to 0.84 (95% confidence interval, 0.80-0.87; P=0.02) and in a net reclassification improvement of 0.098 (95% confidence interval, 0.025-0.180). Addition of coronary flow reserve resulted in correct reclassification of 34.8% of intermediate-risk patients (net reclassification improvement=0.487; 95% confidence interval, 0.262-0.731). Corresponding improvements in risk assessment for mortality from any cause were also demonstrated.Conclusion-Noninvasive quantitative assessment of coronary vasodilator function with positron emission tomography is a powerful, independent predictor of cardiac mortality in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and provides meaningful incremental risk stratification over clinical and gated myocardial perfusion imaging variables.
PMID: 22007073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]