Rehabilitation and nursing home admission after hospitalization in acute geriatric patients.
J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2008 May;9(4):265-70
Authors: Marengoni A, Agüero-Torres H, Timpini A, Cossi S, Fratiglioni L
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the effect of multimorbidity, cognitive and physical impairment, and sociodemographic factors on the choice of allocation of geriatric patients at hospital discharge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred thirty patients 65 years or older admitted into an acute geriatric ward in Italy were evaluated (1998-2000). MEASUREMENTS: Social characteristics before hospitalization, multimorbidity, physical functioning, and cognitive status were related to allocation of living place after hospitalization (home, rehabilitation unit, or nursing home). RESULTS: Most patients were discharged to their homes (85%); 7% of the younger patients (65-74 years) and 11% of the very old (75+ years) were referred to a rehabilitation unit, while only among the very old 4% were discharged to a nursing home. Worse functional status, longer hospitalization, and being affected by dementia and cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) were associated with the admission to both rehabilitation and nursing home. Cognitive impairment and multimorbidity played a role in discharge destination, but only in functionally impaired patients. Living alone before hospitalization was correlated only with being discharged to a rehabilitation unit. CONCLUSION: In geriatric patients, both medical and sociodemographic characteristics are key factors for referral to rehabilitation or nursing home at discharge.
PMID: 18457803 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]