Sex concordance between physicians and patients and discharge opioid prescribing

Link to article at PubMed

J Hosp Med. 2024 May 9. doi: 10.1002/jhm.13389. Online ahead of print.


Inpatient pain management is challenging for clinicians and inequities are prevalent. We examined sex concordance between physicians and patients to determine if discordance was associated with disparate opioid prescribing on hospital discharge. We examined 15,339 hospitalizations from 2013 to 2021. Adjusting for patient, clinical, and hospitalization-level characteristics, we calculated the odds of a patient receiving an opioid on discharge and the days of opioids prescribed across all hospitalizations and for patients admitted with a common pain diagnosis. We did not find an overall association between physician-patient sex concordance and discharge opioid prescriptions. Compared to concordant sex pairs, patients in discordant pairs were not significantly less likely to receive an opioid prescription (odds ratio: 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.95, 1.15) and did not receive significantly fewer days of opioids (2.1 fewer days of opioids; 95% CI: -4.4, 0.4). Better understanding relationships between physician and patient characteristics is essential to achieve more equitable prescribing.

PMID:38721898 | DOI:10.1002/jhm.13389

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