Differences in Supervision on Peer Learning Wards: A Pilot Survey of the Supervisor’s Perspective

Link to article at PubMed

Adv Med Educ Pract. 2024 Feb 2;15:85-96. doi: 10.2147/AMEP.S439968. eCollection 2024.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Multiple students are placed on clinical wards simultaneously due to increasing student numbers. This has the potential to create stress for the supervisor and reduce quality of student learning. Peer learning as a pedagogical framework to supervise multiple students has been widely shown to have advantages for the students by developing teaching skills, team collaboration, and independence. However, whether peer learning impacts the characteristics of supervision and the experience of the supervisor is less understood. It is unknown whether wards that use peer learning as a pedagogical framework (peer learning wards) are any different compared to wards that do not (non-peer learning wards), from the supervisor's perspective.

METHODS: We aimed to develop and pilot test a questionnaire to compare peer-learning wards and non-peer learning wards from the supervisor's perspective. We used the AMEE 7-step guide to develop questions investigating supervision, the learning environment and satisfaction. We piloted the questionnaire with 46 nurse supervisors working on inpatient hospital wards in Stockholm, Sweden. We compared answers from peer learning with non-peer learning wards. We used Orthogonal Projections to Latent Structures (OPLS) discriminant analysis to show what differed between the wards.

RESULTS: Peer learning wards compared to non-peer learning wards had more student-centred activities, the physical space had more adaptations for students, more support available to the supervisor, and supervisors perceived greater overall satisfaction with the quality of education and with the ward as a whole. The variables that had most influence on the discrimination between the two ward types related to peer learning activities and perceptions (p=0.0034).

CONCLUSION: This pilot study shows that peer learning wards differ compared to non-peer learning wards regarding peer learning activities and perceptions among supervisors. Our questionnaire needs to be distributed on a larger scale to validate our findings and explore further the way in which the pedagogical framework and peer learning can affect supervision and satisfaction.

PMID:38327849 | PMC:PMC10849097 | DOI:10.2147/AMEP.S439968

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