Thromboembolic phenomena in patients with nephrotic syndrome: pathophysiology, risk factors, prophylaxis and treatment

Link to article at PubMed

Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2024 Jan 2;85(1):1-10. doi: 10.12968/hmed.2023.0354. Epub 2024 Jan 31.


Thromboembolic events resulting from disturbances in the body's balance of thrombotic and antithrombotic abilities are among the most life-threatening complications of nephrotic syndrome. Certain causes of nephrotic syndrome leave the patient particularly susceptible to thromboembolism. The severity of proteinuria and degree of hypoalbuminaemia are other common predictors of risk. Timely initiation of prophylactic therapy can help prevent morbidity and mortality associated with this complication in patients with nephrotic syndrome. The duration of treatment and choice of therapeutic agent depends on several factors, including the degree of hypoalbuminaemia, risk factors for thrombosis and risk of bleeding. This article reviews current understanding of the pathophysiology and risk factors for thromboembolism associated with nephrotic syndrome, and summarises recommendations and strategies for preventing and treating thromboembolic events in patients with nephrotic syndrome.

PMID:38300681 | DOI:10.12968/hmed.2023.0354

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