Nonpharmacological Interventions for Preventing Rehospitalization Among Patients with Heart Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Link to article at PubMed

SAGE Open Nurs. 2023 Oct 26;9:23779608231209220. doi: 10.1177/23779608231209220. eCollection 2023 Jan-Dec.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is the most common condition for rehospitalization among people aged ≥65 years in the United States, with 35,197,725 hospitalizations between 2014 and 2017. Hospitalized patients with HF have the highest 30-day readmission rate (25%). Overall, HF management, despite its progress, remains a challenge. Although several studies have evaluated interventions designed to reduce HF-related hospital readmissions, research comparing their effectiveness remains insufficient.

PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis focused on studies that investigated the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions (NPIs) on reducing rehospitalization among patients with HF.

METHODS: This review conformed to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines, used four databases: Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, Cochrane, and Web of Science. Studies were included in the review according to the following criteria: (a) included only randomized control trials (RCTs), (b) included participants with HF who were over 18 years of age, (c) peer-reviewed, (d) written in English, and (e) rehospitalizations occurring within 30-day, 90-day, and 1 year of discharge from the initial hospitalization.

RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included, with a total of 2,035 participants. Meta-analysis showed that rehospitalization was different between the intervention and usual care groups. The odds ratio was 0.54 (95% confidence interval [0.36, 0.82, p < 0.01]).

CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: NPIs designed to increase HF knowledge and self-management may effectively reduce rehospitalization among HF patients. NPIs can be delivered at the patient's home through visits, phone calls, or digital platforms and technologies.

PMID:37901613 | PMC:PMC10612439 | DOI:10.1177/23779608231209220

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