Interdisciplinary Shadowing and Case Discussion Improve Medical Students’ Self-Efficacy and Attitude Toward Discharge Planning

Link to article at PubMed

J Multidiscip Healthc. 2023 Oct 24;16:3089-3097. doi: 10.2147/JMDH.S433884. eCollection 2023.


BACKGROUND: The Discharge Planning Curriculum (DPC) is a 4-hour course for penultimate-year medical students at a tertiary teaching hospital in Taiwan. The course begins with a 30-minute introduction, followed by the students shadowing discharge planning case managers as they visit patients on the wards. After patient visits, the students engaged in a 1-hour case discussion. Our research assessed the effectiveness of the DPC for medical students.

METHODS: This mixed methods study recruited medical students participating in family medicine rotations between October 2017 and May 2018. To determine the impact of the DPC, we quantitatively analyzed questionnaire responses to measure changes in self-efficacy, attitude toward discharge planning, and course satisfaction before and after completing the DPC. Additionally, we conducted qualitative focus group interviews to gain insight into the students' learning experiences and applied thematic analysis to the interview data.

RESULTS: Our study found two quantitative results: 1) The DPC significantly improved self-efficacy and attitude toward discharge planning (p < 0.001). 2) The medical students acquired knowledge about home care, assistive device application, long-term care facility referral, home rehabilitation, and home care services, and more than 95% of the students reported being satisfied with the course. In addition, the focus group interviews revealed that medical students learned several aspects of discharge planning through the curriculum, including an understanding of various aspects of discharge planning through the curriculum, the importance of early discharge planning, the roles of doctors and case managers, and the challenges faced in the process.

CONCLUSION: The DPC helped medical students understand different team members' roles in discharge planning and appreciate the challenges that case managers face in this process. The DPC improved medical students' attitudes toward discharge planning. The curriculum can be a valuable tool in training future healthcare providers in effective transitional care.

PMID:37901599 | PMC:PMC10612497 | DOI:10.2147/JMDH.S433884

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