Infect Drug Resist. 2023 Sep 14;16:6209-6216. doi: 10.2147/IDR.S422545. eCollection 2023.
PURPOSE: Ceftazidime-avibactam (C-A) is a treatment option for carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacterial (CR-GNB) infections, but little is known regarding its suitability for the intensive care unit (ICU). The current study aimed to analyze use of C-A for critically ill patients, determine independent predictors of clinical outcome and mortality and explore routine dosages for patients in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-center, retrospective and observational study was conducted in critically ill patients receiving different C-A-based therapies for CR-GNB infections in a tertiary teaching hospital in Beijing, China. Demographic data, severity of infection, clinical outcomes and mortality were assessed. The primary and secondary outcome of this study was 90-day all-cause mortality and 14-day clinical response, respectively.
RESULTS: A total of 43 patients with CR-GNB infection were enrolled, including 14 (32.6%) patients received C-A monotherapy. C-A monotherapy and combination with other agents did not affect 14-day clinical response or 90-day survival. All-cause mortality at 90-days was 39.5% (17/43). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that concomitant with bloodstream infection was independent risk factors for 90-day mortality and that the time to initiation of C-A and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) score was independent predictors of 14-day clinical response. Five CRRT patients who received high-dose C-A therapy (>3.75 g/d) had prolonged survival compared with 5 who received low-dose C-A (<3.75 g/d, p = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: C-A was an effective therapy for severe CR-GNB infections and clinical response correlated with the time of C-A initiation. A dosage >3.75g/d C-A was associated with prolonged survival of CRRT patients. Randomized controlled trials or multicenter studies are needed to confirm these findings.