Perm J. 2023 Sep 18:1-11. doi: 10.7812/TPP/22.180. Online ahead of print.
Introduction Patients who are immunocompromised face an increased chance of severe COVID-19 infection compared with patients who are immunocompetent. However, vaccine efficacy for COVID-19 appears to be lower in patients who are immunocompromised. Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab are monoclonal antibodies designed to enhance immune defense against COVID-19. Nevertheless, the safety and efficacy of Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab specifically in patients who are immunocompromised remains unknown. Methods The authors conducted a retrospective case study of patients who were immunocompromised and received Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab between January 3, 2022 to July 31, 2022 at Kaiser Permanente Southern California. All patients were monitored for 180 days following Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab administration. Patients who were immunocompromised included those with solid tumors, hematologic malignancies, primary immunodeficiencies, recipients of solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplants, and patients undergoing treatment with immunosuppressive medications (eg, chemotherapy, high-dose corticosteroids, tumor necrosis factor blockers, and certain biologic agents). Results A total of 2352 patients who were immunocompromised were included in the study. Among them, 101 patients (4.3%) tested positive for COVID-19, and 13 patients (0.6%) required COVID-19-related hospital admissions. Notably, no deaths were reported within 180 days following Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab administration. Additionally, 4 patients (0.17%) sought same-day medical care after receiving Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab. Within 30 days, there were 39 non-COVID-19-related hospital admissions (1.7%) and within 7 days, 11 hospital admissions (0.5%) occurred after Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab administration. Discussion Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab demonstrated a low incidence of COVID-19 and COVID-19-related hospital admissions in patients who were immunocompromised, with no reported mortality. Furthermore, there were no significant adverse effects associated with the use of these monoclonal antibodies. Conclusion Tixagevimab-Cilgavimab exhibited a low incidence of COVID-19 and adverse effects in patients who were immunocompromised.