Pancreas. 2023 Sep 14. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0000000000002237. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: Fluid resuscitation is required in acute pancreatitis (AP) to prevent hypovolemia and organ hypoperfusion. Lactated Ringer's (LR) is a buffered crystalloid with possible advantages in AP versus normal saline (NS). We aim to assess outcomes in patients hospitalized with AP based on fluid used for resuscitation.
METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we identified hospital admissions to Veterans Affairs facilities for AP from 2011 to 2017 and grouped by initial resuscitation fluid: LR versus NS. Outcomes included major complications and mortality at 30 and 365 days. Multivariable models were used to adjust for confounding variables.
RESULTS: A total of 20,049 admissions were included in the study, of which 10% received LR as initial fluid. After adjustment for all available confounders, resuscitation with LR was associated with lower 1-year mortality compared with NS (adjusted odds ratio, 0.61 [95% confidence interval, 0.50-0.76]). Major complication and early mortality were similar between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate an association between use of LR as initial resuscitation fluid and reduced 1-year mortality in a large retrospective sample of veterans hospitalized with AP. These results support the use of LR for resuscitation for most patients hospitalized with AP.