Malglycemia in the critical care setting. Part II: Relative and absolute hypoglycemia

Link to article at PubMed

J Crit Care. 2023 Sep 13;79:154429. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2023.154429. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: The relationship between critical care mortality and hypoglycemia, both relative (>30% below average preadmission glycemia) and absolute (blood glucose (BG) <70 mg/dL (<10 mmol/L)) requires further definition.

METHODS: We assessed the risk-adjusted relationship between hospital mortality with relative hypoglycemia using the Glycemic Ratio (GR), and with absolute hypoglycemia using BG in a retrospective cohort investigation (n = 4790).

RESULTS: Relative hypoglycemia excursions below GR 0.7 with a of 24-h non-exposure period between excursions in those with HbA1c ≥ 8% were independently associated with mortality (n = 373, OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.54-4.04, p = 0.0002) but not those with HbA1c < 8% (n = 4417, OR 0.98 95% CI 0.89-1.08, p = 0.70). Hours below GR 0.7 (1.0037, 0.9995-1.0080, 0.0846) or minimum GR (0.0896, 0.0030-2.6600, 0.1632) were not independently associated with outcome. Absolute hypoglycemia occurred across the HbA1c spectrum in a U-shaped pattern. There was no difference in mortality associated with exposure to BG < 70 mg/dL for HbA1c ≥ 6.5% vs <6.5% (29.7% vs 24.3%, p = 0.77). Hours below 70 mg/dL demonstrated strongest association with outcome, while minimum BG, and excursions below 70 mg/dL were also independently associated.

CONCLUSIONS: Relative hypoglycemia represented by excursions below GR 0.7 in those with HbA1c ≥ 8% occurred commonly and was independently associated with mortality. Absolute hypoglycemia had similar association with mortality regardless of HbA1c.

PMID:37713997 | DOI:10.1016/j.jcrc.2023.154429

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *