Heart Fail Clin. 2023 Oct;19(4):407-418. doi: 10.1016/j.hfc.2023.03.007. Epub 2023 May 10.
Heart failure (HF), a challenging and heterogeneous syndrome, still remains a major health problem worldwide, despite all the advances in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Cardiac imaging plays a pivotal role in the classification of HF, accurate diagnosis of underlying etiology and decision-making. Integration of other imaging techniques such as cardiac magnetic resonance, nuclear imaging, and exercise imaging testing is important to characterize HF accurately. This article reviews the role of multimodality imaging to diagnose patients with HF.