Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Requiring Repeat Intensive Care Unit Consults

Link to article at PubMed

Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes. 2023 Sep 2;7(5):392-401. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2023.07.009. eCollection 2023 Oct.


OBJECTIVE: To better understand the mortality and notable characteristics of patients initially denied intensive care unit (ICU) admission that are later admitted on reconsultation.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected data regarding all adult inpatients (n=3725) who received one or more ICU consults at an academic tertiary care hospital medical center between January 1, 2018 and October 1, 2021. We compared patients who were initially denied ICU admission and later admitted on reconsultation (C2A1, n=144) with those who were admitted after the first consultation (C1A1, n=2286) and those denied at first consult and never later admitted (C1A0, n=1295).

RESULTS: Ten percent of patients initially rejected by the ICU were later admitted on reconsultation. There was no significant difference in the adjusted hospital death odds ratios between C1A1 and C2A1 (0.67; 95% CI 0.43-1.01; P=.11). Assessing subgroups of the C2A1 population, we found that 8.2% (n=100) of full code patients were later admitted to the ICU on reconsultation vs 23.2% (n=40) of do not attempt resuscitation patients (P<.001); 7.6% (n=77) of patients initially consulted from the emergency department were later admitted to the ICU on reconsultation vs 15.1% (n=52) of patients initially consulted from an inpatient setting (P<.001).

CONCLUSION: In this cohort, we demonstrated that patients admitted on repeat ICU consultation have no significant difference in mortality compared with equivalent patients admitted after the first consultation. Understanding and further exploring the consequences of these ICU reconsultations is vital to developing optimal critical care triaging practices.

PMID:37691734 | PMC:PMC10482889 | DOI:10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2023.07.009

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