Association between diastolic blood pressure during the first 24 h and 28-day mortality in patients with septic shock: a retrospective observational study

Link to article at PubMed

Eur J Med Res. 2023 Sep 9;28(1):329. doi: 10.1186/s40001-023-01315-z.


BACKGROUND: Although the mean arterial pressure (MAP) target of 65 mmHg was achieved, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was still low in some septic shock patients. The effects of DBP on the prognosis and optimal target for patients with septic shock are unclear. We sought to investigate the relationship between DBP and 28-day mortality in septic shock patients.

METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, we obtained data from the Chinese Database in Intensive Care (CDIC). We included patients with an admission diagnosis of septic shock and shock was controlled. DBP was measured every 1 h, and the mean DBP during the first 24 h (mDBP24h) was recorded. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality. Multivariable logistic regression determined the relationship between mDBP24h and 28-day mortality.

RESULTS: In total, 1251 patients were finally included. The 28-day mortality of included septic shock patients was 28.3%. The mDBP24h, not mSBP24h, was higher among 28-day survivors compared with non-survivors. 28-day mortality was inversely associated with mDBP24h (unadjusted OR 0.814 per 10 mmHg higher mDBP24h, P = 0.003), with a stepwise increase in 28-day mortality at lower mDBP24h. The 28-day mortality of patients with mDBP24h < 59 mmHg had an absolute risk reduction of 9.4% (P = 0.001). And mDBP24h < 59 mmHg was the remaining high risk factor inversely associated with 28-day mortality after multivariable adjustment (adjusted OR 1.915, 95% CI 1.037-3.536, P = 0.038), while mMAP24h and mSBP24h were not.

CONCLUSION: In patients with septic shock after initial resuscitation, we observed an inverse association between mDBP24h and 28-day mortality. The poor outcomes in patients with mDBP24h < 59 mmHg provide indirect evidence supporting a further DBP goal of 59 mmHg for patients with septic shock after MAP of 65 mmHg was achieved.

PMID:37689707 | DOI:10.1186/s40001-023-01315-z

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