Prolonged use of linezolid in bone and joint infections: a retrospective analysis of adverse effects

Link to article at PubMed

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2023 Sep 8:dkad276. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkad276. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: Antibiotic treatment for bone and joint infections generally lasts for 6 weeks or longer. Linezolid may be a good option for treating bone and joint infections, but there is an increased risk of potential serious adverse drug events (ADEs) when used for more than 28 days. The aim of this study was to obtain detailed information on the type and time to occurrence of the patient-reported ADEs, the dynamics of haematopoiesis over time, and the reasons for early discontinuation of linezolid when used for an intended maximum duration of 12 weeks.

METHODS: This single-centre retrospective study was conducted at the Sint Maartenskliniek in The Netherlands. Patients were included if they were planned to use linezolid for more than 28 days. The main reason for discontinuation of linezolid, the ADE according to the Naranjo score, and the time to occurrence of ADEs were analysed.

RESULTS: Among 78 patients, drug toxicity led to early discontinuation of linezolid in 11 (14%) patients before and nine (12%) after 28 days of therapy. The median treatment duration was 42 days. Gastrointestinal intolerance (42%) and malaise (32%) were the most common ADEs. In 75% of the cases the ADE occurred within 28 days of therapy. Sixty-seven patients were able to continue linezolid beyond 28 days, 87% of whom completed therapy as scheduled. Severe cytopenia, according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse events (CTCA), was observed in four patients and was reversible after discontinuation of linezolid. One patient suffered optic neuropathy related to linezolid use.

CONCLUSIONS: Linezolid could be considered an alternative option to the current standard of IV glycopeptides for the treatment of bone and joint infection for up to 12 weeks. If patients pass the first 28 days of therapy, the likelihood of successful completion of therapy is high with a low risk of serious ADEs.

PMID:37681570 | DOI:10.1093/jac/dkad276

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